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Irregular Verbs

Updated on November 15, 2023

Irregular verbs in English are those that don’t follow the regular pattern of adding “-ed” to create the past simple and past participle forms. Languagehood’s guide on irregular verbs is designed to help learners understand and master the unique conjugations of some of the most commonly used irregular verbs in English.

Understanding Irregular Verbs #

Unlike regular verbs, which form the past simple and past participle by adding “-ed” to the base form (e.g., “walk” becomes “walked”), irregular verbs change form completely or may not change at all. The key is to familiarize oneself with these irregular forms through practice and memorization.

Common Irregular Verbs #

Here is a list of some frequently used irregular verbs along with their past simple and past participle forms:

Base FormPast SimplePast Participle
bewas/werebeen
beginbeganbegun
breakbrokebroken
bringbroughtbrought
buyboughtbought
choosechosechosen
comecamecome
dodiddone
eatateeaten
gowentgone
havehadhad
knowknewknown
seesawseen
taketooktaken
writewrotewritten

Using Irregular Verbs in Sentences #

To use irregular verbs correctly, it’s crucial to know their past simple and past participle forms, especially for perfect tenses and passive voice constructions.

Common Mistakes to Avoid #

  • Overgeneralizing Regular Patterns: Applying regular verb endings to irregular verbs.
    • Incorrect: “He writed a letter.”
    • Correct: “He wrote a letter.”
  • Confusing Forms: Mixing up the past simple and past participle forms.
    • Incorrect: “She has went to the store.”
    • Correct: “She has gone to the store.”

Examples for Practice #

  • “Yesterday, I saw a movie.”
  • “We have eaten at that restaurant before.”
  • “He took his dog for a walk two hours ago.”

Irregular verbs are a fundamental part of English that require special attention. Through this guide, Languagehood aims to provide learners with a clear understanding of irregular verbs, enabling them to use these verbs accurately in both spoken and written English.

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